Collosal: Financial system may lose $10 billion, specialists warn – Vanguard

•Inventory market good points threatened

By Babajide Komolafe, Peter Egwuatu, Godfrey Bivbere, Godwin Oritse,  Nkiru Nnorom and Naomi Uzor

By noon, yesterday, the colossal loss to the nation’s economic system, arising from the postponement of the final elections, hours earlier than the train was scheduled to start, was apparent.

Nigeria Financial system

Analysts mentioned the nation may lose about $10 billion as a result of decelerate in enterprise actions attributable to the one week postponement.

However within the estimation of the Director-Normal of  Lagos Chambre of Commerce and Trade (LCCI), Mr Muda Yusuf, the economic system may have misplaced about $1.5 billion.

Sources on the ports put the losses within the sector alone at a minimal of  N600 million.

The ports throughout the nation had been shut down  on  Friday  forward of the Saturday’s polls.

One of many main implications of the final  elections’ shift, in response to specialists, was a direct risk to buyers’ confidence which was speculatively build up within the monetary markets previously two weeks.

Aside from the maritime sector, different main  sector of the  economic system worst hit by the election day that was not  to be embrace  aviation, banking, fuel and oil, and  highway transport.

In line with some analysts, the postponement will heighten uncertainty within the economic system, erode buyers’ confidence within the Nigerian economic system and presumably set off rise in mounted earnings yields and elevated strain on the exterior reserves.

Commenting on the impression of the event on the economic system, Managing Director/Chief Government officer, Monetary Derivatives Firm, Mr. Bismarck Rewane, mentioned: “The whole price, together with alternative price, direct price, consequential price, disruption price and what we name reputational price, in case you put it collectively, every part provides you with about 2 to 2.5 p.c of Gross Home Product (GDP), which is about $9 billion to $10 billion {dollars}.”

Ayo Akinwunmi, Head of Analysis, FSDH Service provider Financial institution, on his half, famous that the postponement will result in discount within the nation’s GDP. He mentioned: “It will decelerate enterprise actions as a result of that’s like two weekends paralysed. Lots of people have travelled, a variety of outlets have closed at this time they usually nonetheless stay closed as a result of individuals who have travelled in a foreign country, individuals have made different plans.

“And plenty of of corporations did like half day yesterday, so lot of financial actions had been decreased yesterday (Friday) due to election at this time (Saturday). So subsequent week Friday and Saturday, we’re going to see the identical factor, individuals will sit at house. And whether or not we consider it or not, lots of people get up and stay on each day earnings. And all these add as much as what the economic system and companies report on the finish of the day.

“When you might have lengthy interval of uncertainty, individuals can not take resolution. It might truly decelerate the GDP. And in case you have a look at the GDP, it’s accumulation of what occurred daily, all through the 365 days.

“So if we permit individuals to remain at house, companies won’t work. Their revenue will scale back, taxes will scale back, authorities won’t come up with the money for and authorities should borrow extra”.

Senior Analysis Analyst with Ecobank Nigeria, Mr Kunle Ezun, additionally talking on the event,   said: “ The fee to the economic system goes to be big. Despite the fact that it’s a weekend factor, the each day turnover at this time, individuals who would have gone out for enterprise, all of which have been forfeited now.

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“So when it comes to losses to people and small enterprises, it is going to be fairly big.

“Even yesterday (Friday) a lot of the states declared public vacation; so you may start to think about the impression on the GDP of these states.”

Talking on how the postponement will have an effect on buyers’ confidence on Nigeria’s economic system and the  monetary markets, Rewane mentioned: “An important price    is the reputational price. Traders will now say the method of election has been compromised, and    this nation has grow to be extra vulnerable to battle due to this. Traders’ confidence can be eroded.

“Democracy is about consensus. In 2015, we didn’t have an issue as a result of the incumbent accepted defeat. Neither did he go to the tribunal or inform the individuals to riot on the streets. Right this moment, due to so many issues, together with this postponement, it seems unlikely that anyone will conform to concede or stroll away gracefully. As an investor, I should take that into consideration and the upper danger, the upper the anticipated returns. In different phrases,    if we’re borrowing cash or if we’re elevating cash, individuals which can be coming to speculate will demand extra.”

Akinwunmi added, “The postponement may have an effect on confidence available in the market, and if confidence is eroded, there might be over-reaction available in the market, there might be sell-off.

“There’s a terror, there may be concern, which ends up in improved dangers which can make individuals to ask for extra premium on mounted earnings securities, which may imply there might be sell-down. And sell-down will make yield to go up

“On the overseas alternate scene, when individuals have elevated danger, overseas buyers might say, ‘males, we have to exit’, and after they go on the market can be extra demand for overseas alternate and, when that occurs, foreign money worth will depreciate. The CBN can say, `okay, guys we have to step up to make sure we meet this demand. And this implies there could be a variety of strain on the exterior reserve. So in a bit to not permit that depreciation to occur, the CBN should spend extra money from the exterior reserves.”

Talking on the losses to Sunday Vanguard, the LCCI DG, Yusuf, mentioned: “The  price to the economic system of the postponement of the election is horrendous. The economic system was on partial shutdown the day earlier than and whole shut down  on Saturday for the elections that didn’t maintain.

“Value to the economic system is estimated at $1.5 billion . The postponement has implications for confidence within the electoral course of.

“The difficulty was that the discover of postponement got here too late to permit financial gamers to make various use of their time.  It was a significant disruption to financial actions within the nation.

“Borders had been shut, colleges had been closed, ports had been shut, All these have implications for working prices.

“Within the maritime sector, importers will bear extra demuurage price  due to the longer cargo dwell time on the ports.

“The fee to the nation’s treasury of the election rescheduling can be virtually double   as a big a part of processes can be repeated in every week’s time.”

Paying for additional day

Sunday Vanguard findings confirmed that the postponed elections might price the nation over N600 million as expenses, rents and levies  on ship homeowners, importers and exporters for sooner or later within the maritime sector alone.

Sunday Vanguard gathered that the quantity misplaced to the failed elections might be excess of that, particularly because the sector was closed for 2 days.

A press release by the most important container terminal within the nation, APM Terminal, on Friday, confirmed that it dealt with a complete of 1,257 packing containers on the above date.

The assertion learn partially, “During the last 24hrs,  549  vans  had been serviced  within the terminal with a complete of  1257  transactions.”

Talking on the associated fee implication of the elections’ shift, Nationwide President of the Nationwide Council of Managing Administrators of Licensed Customs Brokers, NCMDLCA, Fortunate Amiwero, instructed Sunday Vanguard that Customs Brokers, generally known as clearing brokers, pay as a lot as N20,000 as storage payment per container to terminal operators on behalf of their precept.

Multiplication of of 1,257 dealt with containers by the storage payment of N20,000 offers a complete sum of N25.14 million for APM Terminals alone.

Different terminals working in Lagos are conservatively estimated to have dealt with 1,743 containers, bringing the estimated whole quantity of containers alone handed on the port in Lagos at 3,000.

Multiplication of three,000 containers by N20,000 offers a complete of N60 million.

Amiwero mentioned that the elections has an enormous financial price for the nation. He defined that it’s the importers and exporters that are supposed to bear the brunt.

In line with him, they’re made to pay unwholesome expenses, levies and charges by the delivery corporations in addition to terminal operators. He identified that the Nigerian Ports Authority, NPA, will not be neglected because the Authority collects it berthing expenses.

He mentioned Nigerian ports have one of many highest port expenses on this planet and that it’s principally unregulated.

Nationwide Publicity Secretary of the Affiliation of Nigeria Licensed Customs Brokers, ANLCA, Joe Sanni, agreed with Amiwero however added that aside from the storage expenses, terminal operators additionally assortment “Container Deposit Charges,” CDFs of between N7,000 to N10,000 for 20 ft container and N15,000 to N20,000 for 40 ft containers which they hardly refund.

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Sanni additionally famous that truckers will lose funds that they might have gotten yesterday.

He mentioned for the Nigeria Customs Service, NCS, there’ll solely be delay within the assortment of presidency income.

President of the Ship Homeowners Affiliation of Nigeria, SOAN, Greg Ogbeifun, mentioned that the delivery sector does probably not lose a lot as vessels at sea merely proceed with their operations.

Ogbeifun nonetheless famous that vessels berthed on the port on the time of the elections should pay for additional day.

Equally, former President of the  Nigeria Service provider Navy Officers and Water Transport Senior Employees Affiliation, Thomas Kewerigha, mentioned ship homeowners are made to pay additional day berthing expenses as a result of they’re pressured to remain again on the port even after they’ve completed discharging their cargo.

Kewerigha defined that with the elections, vessels at sea aren’t in a position to come into the nation whereas people who accomplished their discharge are inventory on the port leading to extra price for the delivery corporations.

On his half, the Chairman of the Lagos Maritime Safety Zone of the Discussion board,  Dr, Ignatius Uche, mentioned that the price of the postponement was unquantifiable, including that monies have been spent by numerous terminal and port facility to safe the premises for the interval that election.

“What turns into of those measures and safety preparations, who will naked the price of a brand new association?”, Uche requested rhetorically.

He defined that aside from the safety implication that the postponement may have on the port business, growth additionally has a variety of price implication.

“The   postponement of the election by INEC has political price, it has environmental price and it additionally has overhead price of administration of the services and off-course, it has a nationwide price.

“If you understand how a lot the Ports would have generated at this time when it comes to income and all that’s wasted, have you learnt what it has price many managements to place contingency plans in place with respect to human assets who can be on important responsibility.

“Males have already been deployed, armed males have been deployed as a result of their logistics and different preparations have been taken care of and their period too have been taken care of.

“So it has all spherical price implication to each the Ports Authority, terminal operators, delivery corporations and the Nationwide economic system.

“For us as safety professionals, we’re at all times aversed   to this sort embarrassment as a result of we’ll stay alert and be at our guard always.

“Now we have instructed our males to stay alert whether or not elections goes or not.

Talking in related vein, the Vice President of the Affiliation Nigerian Licensed Customs Brokers, ANLCA, MR. Kayode Farinto mentioned that he’ll sue INEC for the postponement that distorted and disturb his enterprise for that day.

Farinto additionally mentioned that over N100million of income accruals to the federal government and its businesses have been misplaced.


Analysts pointed at speedy risk to buyers confidence which was speculatively build up within the monetary markets previously two weeks after the elections’ postponment yesterday.

The bonds market has been bullish with overseas buyers committing over $1.7 billion within the two weeks whereas Nigerian Inventory Change rebounded closing optimistic in two consecutive weeks, all indicating confidence within the election.

However some inventory market operators instructed  Sunday Vanguard yesterday that the boldness has been undermined by the postponement of the elections, a growth they consider might have an effect on inventory costs because the market opens tomorrow.

In line with capital market operators, who described the postponement as unlucky and unhappy,   it might create uncertainty available in the market and would possibly end result to reversal of the optimistic sentiment witnessed within the final two weeks as buyers could be undecided in taking any funding resolution.

Emeka Madubuike, Managing Director/CEO, Compass Securities, mentioned:”On a common degree,   what the postponement does is to usher in big uncertainty and that is among the issues the market doesn’t like . As soon as one thing like this occurs, the market begins to wobble.

“As quickly as there may be uncertainty, it impacts the market. Individuals can not make resolution in an environment of uncertainty and funding is about resolution making . So,   if no selections are made,   there can be no demand and it,   due to this fact implies that if there isn’t any demand,   the market is prone to go down.

“It’s simply unlucky that we now have all these uncertainties, it’s inexplicable. That is very unlucky as a result of no person can plan in this sort of setting.”

He said that the whole economic system could be negatively affected as individuals could be pressured to cancel companies and different engagements on Saturday, February 23 when the election is tentatively scheduled to carry.   He lamented that billions of naira had been misplaced on account of the postponement.

His phrases: “We’re speaking in regards to the inventory market, what about people who’ve plans for subsequent Saturday, they are going to be pressured to place it off. What in regards to the each day paid staff: individuals who earn their residing each day? The entire of at this time, all of the petty merchants can be out of enterprise.   So, you may think about what our economic system would have misplaced at this time (yesterday). All sectors are on a stand nonetheless at this time and identical factor goes to occur once more subsequent Saturday and that’s if the election will maintain on Saturday as a result of listening to the INEC chairman,   he was not particular.

“So,   the dimension will not be good for the market”.

Talking in the identical vein, Mr.   Jimmy Omoregie,   Managing Director/CEO, Constancy Finance Firm, mentioned the postponement would gradual the market down however the market will   discover respite within the yr finish monetary experiences being anticipated.

He mentioned: “It has created uncertainty: actions available in the market can be gradual for someday,   however it is going to positively go up as a result of the discharge of 2018 monetary outcomes is getting nearer for many corporations and as soon as the political terrain is clearer,   the market will transfer on as a result of it’s simply that uncertainty that must be eliminated inside this one week .

“However as it’s,   individuals won’t actually be keen to commit their cash available in the market.”

Patrick Ajudua, Chairman,   New Dimension Shareholders Affiliation, NDSA mentioned,   “The optimistic motion in fairness worth in the previous few days is primarily as a result of buyers taking place on account of anticipated monetary results of the businesses. Subsequently, postponement of election may have little or no impact on buyers sentiment.

“Nevertheless, buyers would have been happier if the election is concluded on time as it is going to decide approach ahead for the financial course & authorities   insurance policies.”

Divergent views

Nevertheless, different stakeholders within the capital market introduced divergent views.

Chief Patrick Ezeagu, Chairman, Affiliation of Stockbroking Homes of Nigeria, mentioned: “Let’s wait and see’. Investor angle will pervade the market place within the coming week till INEC conducts a free, clear and creditable election expectedly.”

Reacting additionally,  Mallam Garba Kurfi, CEO, APT Securities & Fund Restricted, mentioned: “I don’t assume there can be a lot impression to the market due to the postponement of Elections. The market have already bounced again from the final month’s unfavourable efficiency and February efficiency to this point which mirrored in each Quantity and Worth of our transaction are anticipated to proceed due to most of our Shares commerce at a really low costs which attracts International Traders, Institutional and Excessive Internet price Index and couple with the expectations of Company motion on Dividend and Bonus that additionally attracted Speculators Brief time period gamers.

“As we witness in lower than two weeks Dangote Flour, TRANSCORP have gained greater than 50% and extra predict the identical in respect of the postponement of the Election. But it surely has price to Financial system.”

In his personal remark, Mr Moses Igbrude, spokesperson, Impartial Shareholders Affiliation of Nigeria, ISAN mentioned: “INEC postponement of the presidential elections 5 hours to the election is   unlucky, unacceptable and must be condemned in its entirety.   This single unthoughtful motion by INEC has created uncertainty and doubt on skill of the Chairman and his crew to conducts a free and truthful polls. Think about the financial wastage to the electorates who has travelled to varied places the place they’re to   train their civil duty, wastage to   state governments and others personal companies that gave their staff days off.   Value on International and native elections observers, what of those that have moved   one engagement or the opposite from at this time or who repair one thing subsequent Saturday?   This motion will certainly frustrate and discouraged the electorates from voting. Subsequent week is filled with uncertainty and can certainly have an effect on the market negatively. I  sincerely appeals to INEC and   president Buhari to not throw Nigeria into chaos or issues they need to make it possible for   they conducts elections that will be free and acceptable to each physique. They need to assured us on their trustworthiness and I’m additionally interesting to the voters to be calm and   keep away from circumstances that may encourage INEC and people behind this the chance to perpetual their evil actions.”


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